Rhesus of Thrace
In the Iliad, Rhesus is a fictional Thracian king who fought on the side of the Trojans, and Diomedes and Odysseus stole his team of fine horses during a night raid on the Trojan camp. Rhesus and his men are depicted stealing his horses in a red-figure situla by the Lycurgus Painter, c. 360 BC.
According to researchers at the University of Bristol, his name means “to rule” and is thought to be derived from PIE *reg-, which means “to rule,” indicating a satem-sound change.
Rhesus’ sister Sete had a son Bithys with Ares, according to Stephanus of Byzantium, and his mother was Euterpe or one of the Muses, according to later writers.
In the Iliad, Diomedes and Odysseus killed Rhesus, the Thracian king of Troy, and Dolon, who had gone out to spy on Agamemnon’s army for Hector, was captured and betrayed by the two Argives.
Rhesus of Thrace has a glacier named after him on Anvers Island in Antarctica, as well as the Jovian asteroid 91420-Rhesus. In the film Hercules, Tobias Santelmann plays a character named Rhesu who has little in common with the traditional character.
Bernard Fenik, Iliad x and the Rhesus: The Myth (Brussels: Latomus, 1964), who makes a case for pre-Homeric epic materials concerning the character, claims that Rhesus came from Thrace to defend Troy with great pomp and circumstance, but died on the night of his arrival, without ever engaging in battle.
Who killed rhesus?
Diomedes and Odysseus attacked the camp in the dead of night, killing Rhesus in his tent and stealing his famous steeds; the event depicted in the Iliad also provides the action of the play Rhesus, which is passed down among Euripides’ plays.
What happens in Book 10 of the Iliad?
The Iliad’s Book 10 follows the Greeks and Trojans’ nighttime spying exploits. On the Greek side, Odysseus and Diomedes go out to spy on the Trojans, who are camped out nearby, with Athena on their side. On the Trojan side, Dolon is sent to try to spy on the Greeks.
Who is killed in the night raid in Book 10 of the Iliad?
Dolon tells the two everything they need to know about the Trojan position, including the best place to attack. Diomedes then kills Dolon, and the two proceed to the Thracian camp that Dolon recommended. Dolon capitulates too easily to Diomedes and Odysseus, and his cowardice wins him nothing.
What does Nestor hope that Patroclus will do?
Nestor is the one who suggests that Patroclus return to battle dressed in Achilles’ armor, a strategy that ultimately leads to Patroclus’ death; the reference to Patroclus’ doom not only foreshadows Patroclus’ demise, but also points to the event that finally motivates Achilles to return to battle.
Is Rh blood type?
Rh factor is an inherited protein found on the surface of red blood cells; if your blood contains it, you are Rh positive; if it does not, you are Rh negative. Rh positive is the most common blood type.
Why did Achilles refuse fight?
Slaves were taken in Trojan territory as the Greeks moved across the land, sacking and looting along the way, and Achilles refused to fight because Agamemnon had taken his war-prize, his slave-bride Briseis, from him.
How is Hector’s dead body abused by Achilles?
Achilles continues to mourn Patroclus and abuse Hector’s body, dragging it around his dead companion’s tomb, while Apollo protects Hector’s body from rot and scavengers. Achilles weeps for his father and for Patroclus, accepts the ransom, and agrees to return the corpse.
Who Killed Achilles?
Achilles is killed by an arrow shot by the Trojan prince Paris, with the god Apollo guiding the arrow into Achilles’ weak spot, his heel, in most versions of the myth. In one version of the myth, Achilles is scaling the walls of Troy and about to sack the city when he is shot.
What does Phoenix tell Achilles?
Phoenix also recounts his own conflict with his father, recounting how his exile led him to Phthia, where he assisted in the raising of Achilles; he tells Achilles that his rage has made him too proud; and finally, he appeals to the respect that the other soldiers will have for him if he relents.
What finally causes Achilles to let go of his anger?
Agamemnon’s war prize, a captured woman, is taken away from him in Book One, and Achilles is enraged not only because he adored Briseis, but also because his pride was shattered in front of all the warriors who saw Agamemnon get the better of him, causing him to stop fighting.
How long did Achilles refuse to fight?
But the end of the plague on the Achaeans only heralds the start of even worse suffering: Achilles has refused to fight since his quarrel with Agamemnon, and Thetis, as promised, makes her appeal to Zeus after twelve days.
What is the secret weakness of Achilles?
Achilles’ only flaw was his heel; according to legend, his mother took him to the River Styx, which was said to bestow invincibility, and dipped his body in the water, but she held him by the heel, which was not washed away by the magical river’s water (see Figure 1).
Which God defends Troy against Patroclus attacks?
Ares, the god of war and lover of Aphrodite, generally supports the Trojans in battle. Poseidon, the brother of Zeus and god of the sea, has a long-standing grudge against the Trojans for not paying him for assisting them in the construction of their city.
Why does Patroclus want to enter the war what is Achilles?
Patroclus wanted to wear Achilles’ armor to intimidate the Trojans and lead the Greeks to victory, but Achilles had his mother ask Zeus to support the Trojans because he was embarrassed and wanted the Greeks to lose, and he even thought Patroclus sounded whiny when he asked to wear his armor.