Phillis Wheatley was kidnapped from West Africa at the age of eight and brought to Boston, Massachusetts, on an enslaved person ship in 1761. After being freed from slavery, she published her first volume of verse, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, in 1773. Emily Wheatley was the first African American and the first enslaved person in the United States to publish a book of poems.
She died on December 5, 1784, in Boston, Massachusetts, after a long battle with breast cancer.
What book did Phillis Wheatley accomplish?
When her book of poetry, Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, was published in 1773, Phillis Wheatley became the first American slave, the first person of African descent, and only the third colonial American woman to have her work published.
What was Phillis Wheatley’s genre?
Phillis Wheatley’s work marks the beginning of the genre of African-American literature, with many of her poems consisting of elegies and others focusing on the theme of Christian salvation. She was only the second African-American to have a book published, and her work marks the beginning of the genre of African-American literature.
Did Phillis Wheatley like George Washington?
Wheatley was not the only notable African American during the Revolutionary Period, nor was she the first, as her poetry won the admiration of George Washington and Benjamin Franklin.
What is Phillis Wheatley’s most famous poem?
Though Wheatley’s poetry largely avoided the subject of slavery, her best-known work, “On Being Brought from Africa to America” (written in 1768), contains a mild rebuke to some white readers: “Remember, Christians, Negroes, black as Cain / May be refined, and join th’ angelic train.”
What is Phillis Wheatley’s real name?
Phillis Wheatley Peters (c. 1753 u2013 December 5, 1784) was the first African-American author of a published book of poetry. She was born in West Africa and sold into slavery when she was seven or eight years old. She was transported to North America and bought by the Wheatley family of Boston.
What is an interesting fact about Phillis Wheatley?
Phillis Wheatley, the first African-American female poet to be published, is thought to have been born in West Africa in 1753, in what is now Senegal or Gambia, and brought to the United States as a slave in 1761 aboard the ship ‘The Phillis.’
What does Wheatley mean?
Wheatley is an English surname that means “from the wheat meadow” in Old English. Alternative spellings include Wheatly, Whatley, Whitley, Wheetley, and Wheatleigh. Wheatley and its derivatives are most likely descended from a wheat farmer.
What was Phillis Wheatley’s first book called?
Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral, by Phillis Wheatley, was published in London, England, on September 1, 1773, and was the first volume of poetry by an African-American poet to be published.
What influenced Phillis Wheatley?
Phillis’ work was heavily influenced by Christianity and the promise of life after death, which helped to distinguish her poetry; twenty of her poems are elegies written to console relatives with eternal life in heaven.
Who is the first black poet?
We bring you Phillis Wheatley, the first African-American poet to be published, in our fourth installment of ‘People who Changed the Americas’ for American Black History Month. Phillis Wheatley (original birth-name unknown) was born somewhere in West Africa sometime in 1753.
Who is the goddess in to His Excellency General Washington?
In that vein, Wheatley created a classically styled goddess of the American Revolution named “Columbia,” an embodiment of liberty, who first appeared in “To His Excellency General Washington” and quickly became part of popular culture and lore in the United States.
Why did Phillis Wheatley like George Washington?
She wrote a well-received poem praising George Washington’s appointment as commander of the Continental Army at the height of her writing career, but she believed that slavery was the issue that prevented the colonists from achieving true heroism.
What is the poem on virtue about?
u201cOn Virtue,u201d the second poem in Wheatley’s Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral (1773), is a short poem that describes the process of evangelical conversion.
What is the theme of Wheatley’s poem?
Wheatley’s poem has a central theme: subjects should admire and praise their ruler.
What is one of Phillis Wheatley’s poems?
The following are the poems included in this post:
- On Being Brought from Africa to America.
- On Virtue.
- A Farewell to America.
- On Imagination.
- To S. M., a Young African Painter, on Seeing His Works.
- To the University of Cambridge, in New England.